The very common disease which spreads from one person to another is a communicable disease. Cold and Flu is one of them. It can spread through sneezing, hand shaking, sharing things like food, drinks etc. Today we will discuss about a complete guide to most common contagious respiratory disease cold and flu.
What is the flu?
Flu also known as Influenza.It is a transmissible disease which can spread from one person to another by RNA Virus. It’s a respiratory disease which can spread easily. Nearly 10 billion cases are recorded every year in India. It appears most frequently in early spring and winter. The virus attacks the body by spreading through lower and upper respiratory tract.
What is a difference between cold and flu?
It is really important to know whether you have a cold or flu symptoms. It can be clear by noticing some facts. Flu symptoms often mimic cold symptoms with a cough, malaise, congestion and aches. With flu symptoms, you will have a fever initially with the flu virus and make you feel miserable. However, common cold rarely has symptoms of fever above 101 degrees. Muscle and body ache are more common in flu.
Flu symptoms are usually more severe and come on quickly. The most common symptoms of flu include fever, sore throat, muscle aches, headache, congestion, soreness and some other. The symptoms generally improve over two to four days. Flu virus enters your body through mucous membranes of mouth, nose or eyes. That is why, it is important to keep your hand’s germs free.
Causes of flu?
The flu is caused by type A, type B, and type C virus. Both A and B are responsible for season flu. Virus B is widely among humans and virus A is generally between different animals including pigs, ducks, horses and chickens. It is spread from person to person through sneezing, touching and coughing by an infected person.
How to prevent the flu?
The best way to prevent the flu is by getting vaccinated each year with a flu shot. Avoid contact with sick people, drink plenty of liquids, wash your hands, stay home when you are sick, cover nose and mouth when you sneeze or a cough and many antiviral drugs also help to prevent seasonal flu.
Treatment of flu
If you are heaving this disease then you can do certain things that help to treat it. Try to get plenty of rest, avoiding alcohol and tobacco use, drink plenty of liquids and take certain medicines. Using ibuprofen or aspirin might help to treat a headache, fever and any type of ache associated with the flu. However, aspirin should never give to the children. Antiviral drugs may be prescribed by your doctor for treating flu depending upon symptoms, illness and your age.
When should I get a flu shot?
Flu season starts as early as October. The best to get a flu shot is soon as available in October or September. It generally takes 2 weeks to effect. You can get in December also but earlier you get, the higher your chances of staying well.
Side effects of flu shot
The flu shot may show some effects such as feeling tired and a mild fever. Some people also get redness, soreness and swelling when the needle went in. however, these problems won’t last long. There are also some serious side effects also such as hives, trouble in breathing, fast heartbeat or feeling weak. In that case, it is important to contact your doctor immediately.
Side effects in children-
- Runny nose
- Muscle aches
Side effects in adults
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
In order to avoid cold and flu you can checkout this video by Dr. Joseph Mercola. He is a natural health expert and founder of mercola.com.
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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