A virus which is spreading all over the world and killing dozens of people every week is out breaking even WHO is very much concerned about this Killing Virus is known by different names such as Bird Flu or Avian Flu. This article will guide you to give a complete information on Bird Flu/Avian Flu.
What is bird flu?
Bird flu is also known as avian influenza. It is basically a type of viral infection spread from bird to bird. Its most common form is H5N1. It is very harmful to birds, human as well as other mammals that come in contact. According to WHO; it was firstly discovered in the year 1997 and killed approx 60 percent of the infected ones. This virus doesn’t spread via human to human but some experts worry the risk of becoming a threat to humans.
How to humans catch bird flu?
Humans generally caught bird flu only when they are in close contact with birds. Close contact differs from culture to culture. Some people caught bird flu after bathing or swimming in the water infected by the birds. Some people also caught bird flu by cleaning infected birds. However, they are not caught by this virus from eating fully cooked eggs or chicken. That is why it is significant to be away from the places infected by birds.
Causes of bird flu
This disease occurs naturally in waterfowl and then spread into domestic poultry like turkeys, geese, ducks and chickens. Bird flu is usually spread via direct contact with infected ones or secretions from eyes, nose or mouth. Open markets where birds and eggs are sold create a harmful condition in which a disease can spread into the wider community. Undercook poultry eggs or meat from the infected ones can transmit this disease. Poultry products are only safe when they are properly cooked.
Symptoms of bird flu
Bird flu symptoms range from throat, fever and muscle pain to eye pneumonia and eye infection. The various type of symptoms found in the individuals are described below-
- Sore throat
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Breathing problems
Treatment for bird flu
There are different types of bird flu. That is why treatment may vary. In most cases, antiviral medications such as zanamivir or oseltamivir are given to reduce the chances of this disease. However, it is really important to give the medication within 48hours after the symptoms first appear. The doctor may also place you on breathing machine if the virus is seriously developed in your body. Antiviral are generally recommended by the family or other close friends as a preventive measure.
How can bird flu be prevented?
The doctor may recommend flu shot so that you can be safe from any type of flu. If you develop both human flu and bird flu at the same time, it can create a deadly condition. The doctor may also recommend you to not travel in the places affected by the flu. However, you will be safe if you avoid few things-
- Contact with the infected birds
- Open air markets
- Undercook poultry
- Proper hygiene by washing hands before eating
A vaccine has been designed to protect against the bird flu. However, it is not available to the public as it is recommended by the experts to use it when H5N1 start spreading among the people.
Here is a small documentary video on Avian Flu which will help you to completely understand what is Bird Flu Virus.
Copyright: New Atlantis line
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
For more information visit inguin website .