Cardiomyopathy is a heart condition where the muscles of the heart change their dimensions which prevents the heart from receiving the oxygen it needs. These abnormalities sometimes origin in the cell of the heart muscles. When the heart fails to pump the blood carrying oxygen, tissues in other parts do not receive oxygenated blood either and this leads to fatigue, chest pain, shortness of blood, and general weakness. Due to this condition, you will not feel as energetic as a normal person and this leads to lower levels of energy and productivity.
Causes of Cardiomyopathy
This condition if not genetic can be caused due to the toxicity of metals, drugs, and alcohol.
Diabetes and high blood pressure that is not controlled properly can lead to this disease.
Various other ailments such as
- Thyroid problems
- Gaucher disease
- Diseases of the endocrine system
- Deficiencies in nutrition, vitamins, and mineral intake.
- Cancer therapies
- Viral infections
And various genetic diseases. Electrolyte imbalance and side effects of other medications when not diagnosed can lead to this condition.
Symptoms and diagnosis of cardiomyopathy
The past medical history of the patient is gathered to find out the existence of this condition. If the patient has shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain over a long period of time along with a history of high blood pressure, this condition can be determined based on these symptoms. Many underlying conditions and diseases can also lead to this heart condition. If this disease is not diagnosed in time, it can lead to heart failure.
The family history of cardiac heart arrest is taken into picture to diagnose this disease. Physical examination is conducted to check the heart rate, saturation of oxygen, as well as the rate of respiration to further remedy the condition. Lungs are also examined by the doctor to check for the existence of this condition. If they hear murmurs in the fluids of the lungs, it could signify leakage in the heart valves. There could also be swelling in the neck, ankle, and feet.
Blood tests are conducted to check for any abnormalities in the heart, kidney, liver function, and the electrolytes. An ultrasound test is also done to check the complete condition of the heart. A chest x-ray test is taken to get the complete picture of the shape of the heart, its abnormalities, or excess fluid in the lungs.
When should you seek help for this condition?
Not every chest pain or respiratory issues lead to this heart ailment. If these symptoms appear frequently, it is good to check with a medical practitioner to diagnose this disease. If you feel shortness of breath in the middle of the night and find it difficult to lie down or wake up with abnormal breathing, check with a doctor immediately.
Treatment for this disease
Passing out due to chest pain is not normal and you must seek help even if you are feeling partially unconscious. Treatments such as heart devices such as pacemakers and defibrillators that prevent further muscle damage of the heart are implanted. Maintaining a diet and nutrition alone is never sufficient to treat this heart condition. Medications are provided that let the heart to have a better heart rate and beat more that pumps blood in various parts of the body. Salt restricted diet is preferred to prevent the water in the body which overloads the heart.
The key to live a healthy life when this condition is diagnosed is to control the symptoms and check with the doctor often. This is the condition that requires a lifetime care and regular monitoring to ensure a longer life
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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