What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a cancer that starts in the narrow opening of the uterus known as the cervix. In most of the cases, cervical cancers are squamous cell cancers and few cases are also of adenocarcinoma type. This cancer occurs when the cells of the cervix get out of control. It can only be treated when detected in early stage through a pap test. The cause of cervical cancer is a virus called human papilloma virus. It can also be spread by having sexual contact with someone who already has it. HPV infection usually goes away on its own but sometimes it can lead to cervical cancer. If the cervical cells changes treated early then you can prevent cervical cancer.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are-
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Bleeding between periods
- Discomfort during sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Smelly vaginal discharge
- Bleeding in post-menopausal women
Causes of cervical cancer
There are certain causes that can lead to cervical cancer. Here are some of the causes of cervical cancer-
- Smoking– smoking can also lead to the risk of developing many types of cancer.
- Contraceptive pill– taking contraceptive pill for a long time may also increase the risk of cancer.
- Sexually transmitted disease- women who are infected with gonorrhea, syphilis or chlamydia have a higher risk of cancer.
- Mental stress– women who have high mental stress may be not able to fight off HPV.
- Weak immune system– it has been noticed that people who have weakened immune system have a higher risk of cervical cancer.
Treatment for cervical cancer
There are different types of treatment available for cervical cancer such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and some other. The treatment depends on several factors such as patient age, stage of cancer and general heath. Here are some of the treatments details given below-
- Clinical trials- for some people, a clinical trial may be the best treatment. Clinical trials are done to know how effective and safe new treatments are.
- Radiotherapy- radiotherapy is also known as radiation oncology, XRT, and radiation therapy. This cancer included high energy X-rays particles to destroy the cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy- in this treatment, chemicals is used to treat the disease. Chemotherapy helps to prevent cancer cells from growing and dividing as well target the cells that surgery cannot.
How to prevent cervical cancer?
There are a number of methods that will help you to prevent cervical cancer. Some of them are-
- Quit smoking– according to a recent study, it has been clearly showed that the people who smoke have a higher risk of developing cancer.
- Safe sexual intercourse– it is really important to have safe sex which can help to protect you from HPV infection.
- Cervical screening- regular screening will help to pick up signs early before cancer develops too far.
- Fewer sexual partners– if a woman has more sexual partners then she might be at a high risk of developing cancer.
- HPV vaccine- there is a direct link between HPV and cervical cancer. That is why, if an individual adheres to HPV vaccination than cervical cancer will be prevented.
Please watch this video given by Matt McDonald who is Gynecologist and Oncologist Expert.
Copyright: Best Doctors
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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