Is there any disease that cannot be treated ? The answer to this question is Yes, well you might be thinking what is the disease name. The answer to this mysterious question will be discussed in this post in detail. Today, we are going to discuss about an eye disease known as glaucoma.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is related to a group of eye disorders which cause damage to the optic nerve that carries information. Most of the glaucoma cases have few or no symptoms. Glaucoma is generally associated with higher pressure inside the eye known as ocular hypertension. If uncontrolled or untreated, it can also cause vision loss and eventually lead to blindness. According to a recent report by American Academy of Ophthalmology, the most common type is primary open-angle glaucoma which has affected more than 2.2 million people in the US. Glaucoma is known to be a second leading cause of blindness in the world.
Types of glaucoma
There are basically two types of glaucoma-
- Angle-closure glaucoma- it is less common type of glaucoma and also known as narrow-angle or chronic angle-closure glaucoma. This causes the eye to not drain right because the angle between cornea and iris is too narrow. It also leads to cataracts and farsightedness, a clouding condition inside the eye
- Open-angle glaucoma– this is the most common type of glaucoma which is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. The structure looks normal but fluid doesn’t flow in a proper manner.
Symptoms of glaucoma
In most of the cases, glaucoma doesn’t show any symptom. However in some cases, the first sign is sided vision. It is essential to have a complete exam with an eye specialist every year. The pressure inside the eye can rise occasionally and may cause a headache, blurred vision, and eye pain or halos appearance around lights. If you notice any of the symptoms given below then you must consult your doctor immediately-
- Narrowed vision
- Eye pain
- Seeing halos around lights
- Redness in the eye
- Vomiting or nausea
- Eye that look hazy
Causes of glaucoma
The main cause of glaucoma is high fluid pressure inside the eye. This happens when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate properly. If the channel got blocked, the liquid starts building up and that causes glaucoma. The reason for blockage is inherited means passed from parents to children. The other cause may include blunt injury, eye infection, inflammatory conditions and blocked blood vessels inside the eye. It generally affects both eyes but the condition of one eye is worse than other.
Who gets glaucoma?
- People who are over 40 years
- Irish, Russian, Japanese, Inuit, descent and African-American people are mostly affected by it.
- Have poor vision
- Family history of glaucoma
- Have diabetes
- Take steroid medications.
- Eye drops– eye drops may help to reduce the formation of fluid in the eye. However, it shows some side effects such as redness, allergies, blurred vision, irritated eyes and stinging. Some drugs may also badly affect on your lungs and heart.
- Laser surgery– this surgery will help to increase the flow of fluid from the eye. It will also help to stop blockage.
- Microsurgery– in this surgery, the doctor creates a new channel to ease eye pressure. If the surgery fails, it leads to permanent or temporary vision loss.
How it can be prevented?
There is no way to prevent it. However, if you diagnose early then you can control it.
This video is from YouTube channel expertvillage will describe you about glaucoma in detail.
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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