High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure refers to the circulating blood on the blood vessels wall. Blood pressure is expressed in terms of systolic over diastolic pressure and usually measured in millimeters of mercury. Blood pressure is determined by emotional state, relative heath state, activity and moment by moment. It is regulated by brain via endocrine and nervous systems. Low blood pressure is known as hypotension and high pressure is known as hypertension. They both have many causes and may be of sudden onset. Long term hypertension is a factor of many diseases including stroke, kidney failure and heart disease. Long term hypertension is more common in western countries and usually goes undetected because of absence of symptoms. High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder and contributes to diseases like stroke or heart failure.
What is a normal heart pressure?
A blood pressure reading has a bottom number (diastolic) and a top number (systolic). The ranges are-
- Normal– normal blood pressure is less than 120 but more than 80.
- Prehypertension– it ranges between 120-139.
- Stage 1– high blood pressure- 140-159
- Stage 2- 160 and above.
Causes of high blood pressure
- Overweight or obese
- Old age
- Too much salt in diet
- Too much consumption of alcohol
- Chronic kidney disease
- Family history of old age
- Lack of physical activity
- Sleep apnea
Symptoms of high blood pressure
- Chest pain
- Blood in the urine
- Irregular heartbeat
- Vision problems
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pounding in neck, ears or chest
How to prevent high blood pressure?
A critical and healthy way to prevent high blood pressure is change in lifestyle. Here are the few tips that help to prevent high blood pressure-
- Quit smoking
- Lose weight if you are obese or overweight
- Eat a healthy diet including fruits and vegetables that contain less saturated fat.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Exercise regularly for at least 1hour in a day.
- Reduce the amount of sodium in your diet less than a spoon of salt in a day.
Treatment for high blood pressure
There are so many drugs available in the market that helps you to lower high blood pressure-
- Beta blockers
- Angiotensin- converting enzyme
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
- Combination medications
- Renin inhibitors
- Calcium channel blockers
Diuretics are often recommended as the first type of medication for the people who have hypertension or high blood pressure. However, your doctor may provide you any other medication if you also have any other problems. Moreover, if a drug doesn’t work, alternative or additional medications may be recommended. If you blood pressure is 20/10 points higher than your doctor may provide you a combination drug. However, an individual may not take any type of medication without consulting doctor as it may harm his/her health seriously.
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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