Women's Health

Menstrual Disorder: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

Menstrual Disorder
Written by Inguin Team

What is a menstrual disorder?

Menstrual disorders are emotional or disruptive physical symptoms just during or before menstruation including missed periods, heavy bleeding and mood swings. Some women get through periods easily like clockwork starting and stopping at a nearly same time every month causing a minor inconvenience.  However, some women have to experience emotional or physical symptoms during menstruation. These symptoms disturb a woman’s life in major ways. Most menstruation problems have a range of treatment options available to relieve symptoms. If you are feeling symptoms of menstrual disorder then you must consult with your healthcare professional to choose the best treatment available.

Menstrual Disorder Problems

Types of menstrual disorder

  • Anovulatory bleeding (absent and irregular periods)
  • Ovulatory bleeding (prolonged periods)
  • Dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain)

Causes of menstrual disorder

Here are the few causes of menstrual disorder-

  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Adolescence
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Eating disorders
  • Antipsychotics medications
  • Pregnancy
  • Perimenopause
  • Polyps or uterine fibroids
  • Advanced liver diseases
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Smoking
  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Never given birth
  • Chlorine uterine infection

Menstrual disorder symptoms

  • Bloating
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Breast tenderness
  • Mood swings
  • Tension
  • Unusual anger
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Depression

How to prevent menstrual disorder?

  • Healthy diet– eat healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables.
  • Enough sleep– get an enough sleep so that you can feel relax.
  • Exercise– exercise for at least 1 hour in a day to keep your body fit and healthy.
  • Change famine care products– during your period, changes products such as tampons and pads at least every 4-8 hours.
  • Limit caffeine– try to avoid products that are rich in caffeine.
  • Reduce salt- reduce intake of salt in your diet to lessen swelling and bloating.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol– an individual must limit smoking and alcohol which can increase the feeling of depression.

Menstrual disorder treatment

  • Changing birth control- your doctor may recommend another type of birth control when you have irregular periods after 3 months of hormonal birth control.
  • Lifestyle changes– some women have changes in menstruation because of too much exercise. Reduce the intensity and frequency of exercise that helps your periods to return normal.
  • Treating underlying disease– if you have irregular menstruation then your doctor may run a blood test to check thyroid function ad hormone levels. It is really important to treat underlying disease that may cause irregular menstruation.
  • Extreme body weight– this can also be a reason of menstrual disorders. If you really want to treat it then you may have to lose body weight.
  • Hormonal therapy– an irregular menstrual cycle is often due to an imbalance of certain hormones in the body. Oral contraceptives containing progesterone and estrogen are commonly prescribed to control irregular periods.
  • Surgery– sometimes structure problems in the fallopian tubes or womb lead to irregular periods. Surgery may be done by your doctor to correct structural problems particularly in women who wants to give birth to a child. It may also be done to remove scar tissue in the reproductive tract.

If you are facing serious problems, you must consult your doctor as soon as possible.

  • #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.

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About the author

Inguin Team

Inguin is an online integrated healthcare delivery system, just for you. It is an integrated platform in which all your healthcare needs ranging from diagnosis to recovery are fulfilled on the same platform.

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