Life is very unpredictable you never know what is going to happen in future. There are several situations in which heart stops functioning and you are admitted to hospital. But, you are unaware what actually has happened. In medical terms, this scenario is known as Cardiac Arrest.
What is a cardiac arrest?
Cardiac arrest is a condition in which heart stops functioning. It may be sudden without any warning. The mode and time of death are unexpected. It occurs shortly or instantly after symptoms appear. In cardiac arrest, the heart is not able to pump blood to the lungs, brain and other body parts. After few second, an individual has no pulse. The chances of death are more if the patient doesn’t receive treatment instantly. In India as well as the United States, each year approx 350,0000 emergency patient of cardiac arrest are hospitalized.
Causes of cardiac arrest?
The main cause of sudden cardiac arrest is the problem with your heart electrical system. The electrical stimulator main function is to generate impulses that flow through your heart and coordinate the blood to the rest parts of the body. If something is not right with electrical stimulator, it can cause your heart to beat too slow or fast which can lead to a sudden cardiac arrest. The ventricular fibrillation is another cause of cardiac arrest in which ventricles quiver uselessly instead of pumping blood. Some of the heart conditions that lead to cardiac arrest are-
- Heart attack
- Coronary artery disease
- Enlarged heart
- Valvular heart disease
- Electrical problem in heart
- Congenital heart disease
Symptoms of cardiac arrest
Generally, cardiac arrest occurs instantly without any symptoms. However, in some of the cases, symptoms are-
- No pulse
- No breathing
- Sudden collapse
- Loss of consciousness
- chest pain
Cardiac arrest is an emergency case. It is really important to treat it immediately. The doctor may send an electric shock to the heart so that a normal rhythm can be restored. Moreover, treatment must be done within a minutes to work well. In some cases, you will be hospitalized and the doctor will watch your heart and give medicines to reduce the chances of another cardiac arrest. The doctors will try to restore blood so that they can create a normal condition. Automated external defibrillators are special portable devices found in places such as golf courses, school, airports, casinos, hotels, sports, and shopping malls. These devices are designed to provide an electric shock in a dangerous arrhythmia.
In few cases, when an individual is already suffered from SCA then an implantable cardioverter defibrillator is surgically placed in your chest which detects a dangerous heart rhythm and gives an electric shock to restore it normally. A beta blocker medicine will be provided by your doctor if you have diabetes, high LDL cholesterol or diabetes. The doctor may also prescribe other medications to-
- Lower blood pressure
- Decrease chances of heart attack
- Prevent blood clots
- Reduce your heart workload
It is significant to take all medications regularly. You should follow a healthy lifestyle to treat coronary heart disease. Other treatment such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting may lower your risk of cardiac arrest.
Apart from the above guidelines, you can watch this video which will help you to understand hoe to give medical aid to a person who is suffering from cardiac arrest.
Copyright: First Aid Show
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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