What Is Hernia, Signs, Types, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Written by Inguin Team

Is it a hernia or early signs?

One beautiful morning when you woke up and all set to go to the loo, and you find yourself in immense abdomen pain while discharge of stool which no one can ever imagine unless they are in that particular situation. Suddenly you find that it is getting better and at one point of time the bone crushing pain exist no more, you are completely fine in few minutes. It is but natural that most of us will ignore. Is it early sign of a Hernia!!

Hernia Signs

In this pic this man is thinking is it really hernia or early signs of it !!!

Now that you are perfectly fine and healthy, busy with your daily routine job and one beautiful day when you hit the gym to burn some calories to stay fit, and as you lift dumbbells, again you feel the same pain which you had felt that morning the same or even with high amplitude. Fully perplexed, amused sort of random questions in the dark ‘Hey what’s happening!!’

Please do not panic and this time does not even try to ignore, go and get it examined by nearest Surgeon doctor, it may be the sign of early stage hernia. There are many possible and easy ways to get it fixed. Recognizing the early signs of a hernia is important. An untreated hernia will not go away on its own. However, with early medical care or lifestyle changes, you can minimize the effects of a hernia and avoid life-threatening complications like strangulation.

                                    What Is a Hernia?

A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called fascia. The most common types of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and Hiatal (upper stomach).

What Are The Different Types Of Hernias?

Different Types Of Hernia

Pic shown above gives you information about types of a hernia. Description is given below

An inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area.

An incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of previous abdominal surgery. This type is most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.

femoral hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh. Femoral hernias are most common in women, especially those who are pregnant or obese.

An umbilical hernia, part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel. Common in newborns, it also commonly afflicts obese women or those who have had many children.

hiatal hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.

What Are Symptoms Of A Hernia In Both Men And Women?

As discussed above there are several situations which you are facing in day to day life but you don’t realize whether Is it a hernia or not. So you may experience these symptoms but you try to ignore it. I am going to list down few symptoms which are the sign of a Hernia.

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Pain While Lifting Heavy Equipments
  • Bulging
  • Swelling
  • Pain in Pelvic or Testicle
  • Burning Sensation

What Causes Hernia?

Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia; the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth; more often, it occurs later in life.

Anything that causes an increase in pressure in the abdomen can cause a hernia, including:

  • Lifting heavy objects without stabilizing the abdominal muscles
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Persistent coughing or sneezing

Besides, obesity, poor nutrition, and smoking, can all weaken muscles and make a hernia more likely.

You can also read: what are the effects of alcohol on the body

Treatment Options for a Hernia

Whether or not you need treatment depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor may only monitor your hernia for possible complications. Treatment options for a hernia include:

    Lifestyle Changes

Dietary changes can often treat the symptoms of a hiatal hernia. Avoid large or heavy meals, don’t lie down or bend over after a meal, and keep your body weight in a healthy range.

If these changes in diet don’t eliminate your discomfort, you may need surgery to correct a hernia. You can also improve symptoms by avoiding foods that cause acid reflux or heartburn, such as spicy foods and tomato-based foods. Additionally, you can prevent reflux by losing weight and giving up cigarettes.


If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid can relieve your discomfort and improve symptoms. These include antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.


If your hernia is growing larger or causing pain, your doctor may decide that it’s best to operate. Your doctor may repair your hernia by sewing the hole in the abdominal wall closed during surgery. This is most commonly done by patching the hole with surgical mesh.

Hernia can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to fix a hernia using only a few small incisions. Laparoscopic surgery is less damaging to the surrounding tissue.

Open surgery requires a longer recovery process. You may be unable to move around usually for up to six weeks. Laparoscopic surgery has a much shorter recovery time. However, the risk of your hernia recurrence is higher. Also, not all a hernia is suitable for laparoscopic repair, including those in which a portion of your intestines has moved down into the scrotum.

#Reference: Taken help from a medical site

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About the author

Inguin Team

Inguin is an online integrated healthcare delivery system, just for you. It is an integrated platform in which all your healthcare needs ranging from diagnosis to recovery are fulfilled on the same platform.


  • This is some great information, and I appreciate your point that abdominal pain can be a sign of a hernia. My husband has been complaining about having pain in his abdomen, and it seems to get worse if he lifts anything. Both things point to a hernia, so I’ll definitely schedule an appointment with a professional to get him diagnosed. Thanks for the great post!

    • Hi Lillian,

      If your husband is facing pain then he should immediately schedule an appointment with doctor. I would suggest that he should go for full diagnosis before lifting any heavy items.


    • Hi Andy,

      I would suggest your relative to go for full hernia checkup as soon as possible. So, that early diagnosis and early reports will help him to predict his current situation.

      If you need any help you can drop us a mail with full report.


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