Do you know that around 4.5 Lack children are born in 24 hours, and 5 to 6 child’s take birth per second as of December 2015 estimate? But, each day approximately 850 women die from pregnancy and childbirth. These are latest fact sheets as per WHO which are updated in November 2016.
What is pregnancy?
It means that carrying developing offspring/baby/embryo/fetus within the body of women, i.e., (uterus/womb) for 9 months or 40 weeks. In those weeks the fetus grows in size and develops in mother’s womb. It is also known as gestation or gravidity. It is a combination of two words Pre and gnancy. Pre means before while g nancy= Birth. So, in short, it is a combination of two words pre + gnancy = Pre-Birth.
What is trimester and What is It?
The time period of pregnancy is measured regarding trimester. As discussed above, the normal gestation period lasts for 9 months, and it is divided into three trimesters. Where each trimester lasts for 3 to 4 months. Let’s discuss them in brief.
- The First Trimester Period (Near about 3 months): Are you showing some early signs of pregnancy? But, how do you know you are pregnant or not?. All these typical questions come in mind when you are in the first trimester as you are not aware that you are pregnant or not for the first 3 months you don’t even feel you are carrying a child in your womb. This is the shortest period and a lot is happening inside women’s stomach, from physical to emotional behavioral changes.
- The second Trimester Pregnancy (From first 3 months to next 3 months): In this trimester the early signs of pregnancy begin to show, You realize that you are pregnant. This is the time when your whole family is happy, and you are not allowed to do any work. Mother’s sometimes feeling baby in their womb.
- The third Trimester Pregnancy ( From 6th Month to 9th Month Period): This is the time when baby’s body grows in size, brain, and lung. It is the most critical stage also known as a guessing period because you never know whether the baby is a girl or a boy.
Each trimester has its own importance regarding physical development of an egg known as an embryo in the uterus. The relationship that develops between a baby and mother.
Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms
There is a term which is very common when we talk about pregnancy known as conception. Conception means when a female ovum meets male sperm to form a zygote. It is also known as fertilization or insemination. It ‘s hard to predict early signs of pregnancy as some women won’t realize that they are pregnant even after few weeks of the first trimester.
But, some early signs and symptoms which are mentioned below can give you an idea that you might be pregnant.
- Mood swings
- Bleeding or spotting
- Soreness/tenderness in breasts
- Developing Areolas(Dark Circles near nipple)
- Fatigue, Dizziness, Nausea and Mood swings
- Missing Period
- Lack of smell sensitivity
- High Body Temperature
But, these early symptoms may not be sufficient to proof that you are pregnant. The only way to make sure that women are pregnant is by doing a pregnancy test.
Pregnancy test are two types
- Blood Test
- Urine Test
In both these tests, the sample of blood or urine is taken and tested. If the hormone “human chorionic gonadotropin” knows as hCG is present, then you are pregnant. This hormone is produced after male sperm, and female ovum gets in contact, and a zygote known as the egg is attached to women’s uterus.
During pregnancy, you need to take care of yourself as well as your baby. Check this video to get a more detailed description from Dr. Madhavi.
Copyright: TV 7 HEALTH PLANET
- #Note: Consult a doctor in case you are unable to manage the health issues on your own.
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